TEMPO.CO, Palembang - The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) under the command of Minister Susi Pudjiastuti has successfully utilized palm oil cake as one of the raw materials for fish feed. In addition to successfully suppressing feed imports, the use of oil palm cake can also increase production at the smallholder level.

Palm kernel meal (PKM) is a by-product of the manufacture of palm oil. The availability of PKM is still very abundant in Indonesia. Until now, Indonesia is still listed as the second largest country in the world after Malaysia for PKM production.

"Palm meal is easy to obtain and has been proven to have a high nutritional content," said Mimid Abdul Hamid, Director of Fish Feed and Medicine at the Director General of Fisheries Cultivation of the KKP, in Banyuasin, South Sumatra, Wednesday, October 16, 2019.

Since then, said Mimid, during the 2015-2018 period, the volume and value of aquaculture production has increased by an average of 19.2 percent per year. Commodities that experienced a significant increase included shrimp (35.22 percent), Gurame (35.09 percent), and catfish 23.94 percent.

According to Mimid, the increase was not only due to the use of independent feed, but also to the role of bioflock, rice minarets, seed and brood fish assistance and excavators. The feed cost component reaches 60 – 70 percent of the total production cost. Therefore, the development of independent fish feed is one of the solutions from the government.

Mimid mentioned several provinces as evidence of the success of the independent feed program, including South Lampung. There, the Sentosa Independent Feed Program Association in Marga Agung Village, Jati Agung District managed to produce 15 – 18 tons of fish feed per month, with a selling price of Rp. 6 thousand – Rp. 7 thousand per kg.

The independent feed was proven to reduce FCR from 1.5 to 1 in catfish farming. Meanwhile in Probolinggo, it is capable of producing 5-6 tons of freshwater fish feed per month. The use of independent feed can increase the margin of farmers by 50 percent. "In the past, the profit per kilo was only Rp. 4 thousand, now it is Rp. 6 thousand, Mimid added.

Meanwhile, the Head of the FAO representative in Indonesia, Stephen Rudgard explained that the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) together with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) developed independent feed based on local raw materials in Indonesia through the project "Supporting Local Feed Self-Sufficiency for Inland Aquaculture Development in Indonesia. ".

The collaboration that was fostered with Minister Susi was a Technical Cooperation Project (TCP) activity from 2018 to 2019. With this collaboration, she hopes that there will be an increase in fish feed production, especially freshwater fish of high quality and cost-effective by small-scale feed producers in Indonesia. . "We have to produce more fish at prices that are easily accessible to the public," he said.


The Agricultural Quarantine Agency of the Ministry of Agriculture (Barantan Kementan) released exports of 10 thousand tons of palm oil cake from West Sumatra to New Zealand with a total value of Rp 12.24 billion. Oil palm cake is one of the five commodities with the largest export volume and a contributor to foreign exchange for the non-oil and gas sector in West Sumatra.

Head of Barantan of the Ministry of Agriculture Ali Jamil during the release of exports in the Teluk Bayur Port area, West Sumatra, Wednesday (6/3), said that in 2018, palm oil cake exports reached Rp. 301 billion.

The export destination countries for palm oil cake are New Zealand, Vietnam, Italy, Philippines, South Africa, Singapore, Netherlands, China, United States of America, South Korea, and Saudi Arabia.

"We have confirmed that this 10 thousand tons of palm kernel cake passes the quarantine inspection process and gets a phytosanitary certificate as a requirement for export destination countries," said Ali Jamil, yesterday.

In early 2019, the Padang Agricultural Quarantine issued a health certificate or phytosanitary certificate (PC) for 23 types of commodities with a total of IDR 356.67 billion, with details in January the export value of IDR 200.47 billion and February with a value of IDR 156.20 billion.

Head of Padang Agricultural Quarantine Joni Anwar said, along with the export of palm oil cake, six other commodities were also exported with a total value of Rp 59.387 billion. These commodities are 32 thousand tons of palm shells (PKS) to South Korea, 83 tons of coconut milk to the Netherlands, Norway, Belgium and Costa Rica, 129.30 tons of cinnamon to Portugal, Malaysia, Algeria and the United States, 19.80 tons of coffee to Thailand, 7.88 tons of cloves and cardamom to Malaysia, and 201.60 tons of rubber to China. Padang Agricultural Quarantine carries out an export acceleration program by holding the 2019 Agro Gemilang program. The program is in the form of technical guidance to accelerate quarantine services, both for animal and plant products, to the millennial generation and exporters.

The service can be carried out at the port, in the owner's warehouse, or in the container house. The program is expected to encourage the creation of fast services, increased exports, and prosperous people.

Meanwhile, as reported by Antara, the government is preparing a new Minister of Finance Regulation (PMK) related to the tariff rate for palm oil exports. "What we are looking for is a mechanism that is more representative of the actual price," said the Director General of Foreign Trade of the Ministry of Trade (Kemendag) Oke Nurwan.

Okay, conveying that the PMK mechanism for these levies will be different from before. The PMK will regulate the price limit for palm oil that will be subject to export levies. In the previous regulation, namely PMK 152 of 2018, palm oil export levies were based on a reference price of US$ 570 per tonne.

"The PMK for levies will be different," said Oke. Regarding the reference price for palm oil, it will be further regulated in the PMK to be issued.